Many countries’ agricultural sectors rely heavily on coffee exports. Coffee export countries are noted for their high output and export value, which indicates the industry’s profitability.
Coffee export countries trade activities
Countries that cultivate, process and export coffee to foreign markets are known as coffee export countries.
Depending on the strength of the coffee exporting countries, export coffee products might be green beans or roasted beans.
Packaging and storage
Green coffee exports are packaged in 60kg bags, whereas roasted coffee exports are packaged in 30kg bags. When transporting, the packaging must be completely sealed, preventing air from entering; the container must be dry, with a moderate temperature and tools to dehumidify, limiting moist air that could cause spoilage or mildew; and the container must be dry, with a moderate temperature and tools to dehumidify, limiting moist air that could cause spoilage or mildew.
Coffee is frequently transported by water or air. However, despite the 3 – 4 times longer delivery time, sea transportation is still favored due to the lower cost. Green coffee has a shelf life of several months under appropriate packing and storage conditions, but roasted coffee has a shelf life of one month. As a result, water delivery is preferred to air delivery as it can reduce the shipment fee for both parties.
Coffee export countries characteristics
Coffee export countries have some of the following outstanding features.
Supplying coffee in bulk
Every year, more than 35 million tons of coffee are consumed throughout the world. As a result, coffee export countries frequently sell enormous volumes of coffee to meet global demand.
To fulfill the world’s high coffee demand, coffee export countries frequently have big and constant output. Because coffee export countries cannot compete in this competitive coffee market without reliable output.
Having favorable weather conditions
Because weather conditions have a direct impact on coffee output and quality, favorable weather conditions are one of the most significant factors for exporting coffee. Furthermore, because coffee is a perennial agricultural commodity, growers must plant for at least two years before harvesting the fruit. If the weather is not good in the next 2-3 years, producers will have to spend a lot of money cultivating coffee, the yield will be low, and the profit will be little.
Having processing factories
To ensure the quality of coffee beans after picking, they must be transported to processing facilities as soon as possible. As a result, coffee processing factories are frequently located near the production region in all coffee export countries.
Coffee commodities from coffee export nations are always of the finest quality due to ideal conditions for coffee growth. When coffee has grown in popularity across the world, high-quality goods have been a competitive advantage for coffee export countries.